What is the distinction between a chatbot and a conversational AI? (2022)

What is the distinction between a chatbot and a conversational AI? (1)279 Views

In today’s world of customer service, artificial intelligence plays a crucial role. As a result, new technologies such as chatbots, Conversational AI, and machine learning are continually emerging. However, only a small percentage of the population understands what all of these terms signify.

Particularly with phrases like chatbots and Conversational AI, which are increasingly being used interchangeably in the context of artificial intelligence and customer service. The two names, however, have significant distinctions. In this post, you’ll learn more about them.

The Birth of a Chatbot

In 1966, MIT computer scientist Joseph Weizenbaum introduced the world to chatbots in the shape of Eliza, a chatbot based on a restricted, pre-determined flow that could replicate a psychotherapist’s dialogue using a script. Eliza conducted “conversations” by using pattern matching and substitution techniques, which gave users the impression that the software understood them but had no built-in framework for contextualizing events.

However, The irony in this Christmas story is that Weizenbaum designed Eliza to highlight the superficiality of human-machine communication, and in the process, produced a chatbot capable of deceiving Sapiens into thinking it was human. Eliza would eventually confirm her accomplishment by passing a limited Turing test for machine intelligence.

Eight years later, at the Stanford Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, the next significant milestone in conversational engineering would be achieved. Therefore, the developer Kenneth Mark Colby used his previous training as a psychotherapist to create “PARRY,” a natural language software that mimicked the reasoning of a paranoid person. PARRY outperformed expectations by passing the Turing test in its entirety.

(Video) What's the Difference Between a Chatbot and Conversational AI?

Colby devised a complicated system of assumptions, attributions, and “emotional reactions” triggered by varying weights assigned to speech inputs to achieve such astounding results less than a decade after Joseph Weizenbaum’s Eliza. Is this artificial intelligence capable of conversing?

No. Although PARRY had a more controllable structure and a mental model that emulated the bot’s “emotions,” it was still rule-based, which meant it followed a strict (although complicated) if X (condition) then Y (activity) formula.

To our list, we’ll add rule-based. We’ve reminded you to remember the following concepts: restricted pre-determined conversational flow AND rule-based. Let us now proceed.

A.L.I.C.E. was the next great name in the sector (Artificial Linguistic Internet Computer Entity). In other words ALICE was created in 1995 by Richard Wallace and employed an Artificial Intelligence Markup Language (AIML), a version of XML, including tags that allow bots to recursively invoke a pattern matcher to simplify the language. However, In 2000, 2001, and 2004, ALICE received the Loebner Prize three times, an honor given to the most human-like systems.

ALICE was remarkable in every sense, but can it qualify as conversational AI Chatbots? In this case, the answer is once again no. Therefore, ALICE used a large number of “categories” or rules to match input patterns to output templates. However, ALICE makes up for its lack of morphological, syntactic, and semantic NLP modules with a profusion of basic rules; Wallace chose size above intricacy.

ALICE had all the trappings of conversational AI in layman’s terms, but it was essentially simply a pretty huge chatbot.

What exactly is a bot?

A bot is defined as “a computer program or character (as in a game) meant to replicate the activities of a person” by the Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Abbot, which derives its name from the word “robot,” is a non-human machine that can mimic certain human characteristics.

(Video) What is the Difference Between Old Tech Chatbots and Conversational AI Based Chatbots

What is a Chatbot, exactly?

A chatbot, often known as a virtual assistant, is a type of robot that can interpret and reply to human language via speech or text. As a result, “chat” comes before “bot.” This is a crucial difference to make since not every bot is a chatbot (e.g. RPA bots, malware bots, etc.). Chatbots can be very simple Q&A bots that are designed to react to predefined questions. A chatbot’s heart is natural language processing (NLP) technology, which allows it to understand user requests and respond appropriately (provided it is trained to do so).

What Is Conversational Artificial Intelligence (AI)?

To begin, let’s define what conversational AI isn’t. In contrast to chatbots that follow a predetermined conversational flow, conversational AI is based on dialogue. Conversational AI, unlike chatbots, uses natural language processing, natural language understanding, machine learning, deep learning, and predictive analytics to provide a more dynamic, less limited user experience.

Therefore, An automated speech recognizer (ASR), a spoken language understanding (SLU) module, a dialogue manager (DM), a natural language generator (NLG), and a text-to-speech (TTS) synthesizer are all part of the typical conversational AI architecture. However, ASR receives raw audio and text data, converts it to word hypotheses, and sends them to the SLU. The purpose of the SLU is to capture the basic semantics of a particular word sequence (the utterance). It parses the semantic slots in the user’s utterance and determines the conversation domain and purpose.

The purpose of the DM is to communicate with people and help them achieve their objectives. Moreover, It determines the system’s behavior after determining if the semantic representation is complete. It uses the knowledge database to find the information that the user is looking for. However, the dialogue agent can make more robust judgments with the help of the DM, which includes dialogue state tracking and policy choosing.

Difference between Chatbots and Conversational AI

Conversational AI Chatbots
Voice and text instructions, inputs, and outputs are all possible.Text-based instructions, inputs, and outputs are all possible.
Websites, voice assistants, smart speakers, and contact centers may all be used as part of the Omni channel strategy.Only a chat interface is available on a single channel.
Understanding and contextualization of natural languageConversational flow that has been written.
Interactions with a broad scope, which are nonlinear and dynamic.Linear interactions that are canned and based on rules. Tasks that aren’t within the scope of the project aren’t possible to do.
Focused discussionFocused on navigation
Continuous learning and quick iteration cycles are essential.Any change to the predetermined rules and conversational flow necessitates a reconfiguration.

Conversational AI and Chatbots: What’s Next?

Early chatbot implementations mostly focused on simple question-and-answer scenarios that NLP engines could handle. In addition many customers viewed these as a convenient way to get answers to frequently asked questions through a digital channel.

These rudimentary chatbots, on the other hand, stopped short of doing more sophisticated tasks, frequently passing off to human agents to continue processing the request, particularly when the client inquiry did not follow the expected path. Chatbots developed a poor image as a result of their failures, which remained during the early stages of the technology adoption wave.

(Video) Conversational ai vs Chatbot 2021!! what is the difference between chatbot and conversational ai

What is the superior option?

The issue between chatbots and conversational AI has resurfaced in recent years. Bots and conversational AI both have advantages and disadvantages, but which is the better option?

Conversational AI has grown in popularity in recent years as companies seek to enhance customer service. In contrast to a chatbot, which is more functional, a conversational AI may respond to a question in a way that feels more natural to a person.

While conversational AI is the more intelligent of the two, chatbots offer their own benefits. For example, if a consumer wishes to buy anything, conversational AI might direct them to the checkout page and have them finish the transaction there. This benefit is what has sparked the current debate between chatbots and conversational AI.

Conversational AI, on the other hand, is better at anticipating a customer’s demands, while chatbots are better at offering more functional solutions.

What problems does conversational AI face?

Chatbots powered by AI provides a number of benefits, including improved user experience, increased brand loyalty, and increased revenue. However, deploying a AI Chatbot Services with the same degree of experience as a human person is a difficult challenge. To achieve this, it will require regular training and updating.

Therefore, the most difficult aspect of developing and implementing conversational AI systems is convincing people to utilize them. Individuals who are capable and willing to use these services should use them. Even if they want to, individuals aren’t always ready to adopt new technology.

This is why it’s crucial to keep your emphasis on your consumers rather than technology. Always remember that people use these services to solve issues, and they may not be ready for a conversational AI experience just yet.

(Video) What's the difference between a Chatbot and Conversational AI?

One of the most significant issues is that chatbots are only effective at one thing: conversing.

  1. They aren’t intellectual, and they have no feelings.
  2. They’ve been pre-programmed to respond to specific terms. A chatbot is often used to ask simple queries and receive simple responses. However, there are situations when consumers want more information than simply the response to their query.
  3. They want to know how someone feels about a topic or what their thoughts are about it.
  4. They want to know if the bot can hold a conversation with them.
  5. It is conceivable to build a conversational bot, but it will require a lot of time and effort. There are conversational bots on the market, but most of them aren’t particularly good. They don’t recognize some indications or don’t grasp the meaning of certain terms.

Gaining empathy for end-users, knowing the limitations of existing technology, and using a clean and straightforward structure are all part of overcoming these obstacles. Understanding the target users and their behavior is critical when building conversational AI.

Read More: 5 Ways Chatbots will transform the Service Sector

In addition, the first step is to determine who the end-users are and what their needs are. You can accomplish this by creating a persona. However, a persona is a description of a typical end-user in full. It explains the objectives, actions, and motivations of each user. In conclusion, team members can use personas to build human-like characters for use in design, development, and testing.


Is chatbot and AI same? ›

A human is usually able to pick up on this; a chatbot cannot. In this way, chatbots are not true AI. They are not intelligent, capable of learning, nor able to formulate answers on their own. The more complex a question is, the less effective chatbots are at answering them.

What is a conversational AI? ›

Conversational AI is a type of artificial intelligence that enables consumers to interact with computer applications the way they would with other humans. Conversational AI has primarily taken the form of advanced chatbots, or AI chatbots that contrast with conventional chatbots.

What is difference between bot and chatbot? ›

Chatbots are a more advanced automation with a Natural Language Understanding (NLU) engine, although they still require the input of programmers to function. They can understand a much broader range of language than a bot, which allows them to interact to some extent.

What is the difference between chatbot and voice assistant? ›

A chatbot simulates human conversation through auditory or textual methods. A virtual agent also known as a virtual assistant, or VA is a program but with similarities to an actual assistant: they can answer specific questions, perform specific tasks, and even make recommendations.

What is an example of conversational AI answer? ›

The most well-known conversational AI examples from your everyday life include: Virtual assistants such as Siri, Alexa, Google Assistant, and Cortana. Those automated virtual assistants when you call customer service numbers.

What is conversational chatbot? ›

Chatbots are computer programs that simulate human conversations to create better experiences for customers. Some operate based on predefined conversation flows, while others use artificial intelligence and natural language processing (NLP) to decipher user questions and send automated responses in real-time.

What is conversational AI and how does it work? ›

Think of conversational AI as the 'brain' that powers a virtual agent or chatbot. It encompasses a variety of technologies that work together to enable efficient, automated communication via text and speech by understanding customer intent, deciphering language and context, and responding in a human-like manner.

What are the types of conversational AI? ›

There are two main types of conversational AI technology.
  • Natural language processing (NLP)
  • Machine learning (ML)

Why is conversational AI important? ›

Conversational AI empowers customers by providing real-time responses 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. By promptly resolving issues, Conversational AI helps smooth the path to purchase. In fact, research conducted by Cognigy found Conversational AI has the power to increase lead conversion rates by up to 700%.

What is not a chatbot? ›

Answer: b) Shim is not a chatbot.

Is a chat bot a robot? ›

A bot -- short for robot and also called an internet bot -- is a computer program that operates as an agent for a user or other program or to simulate a human activity. Bots are normally used to automate certain tasks, meaning they can run without specific instructions from humans.

What is the main difference between an automated digital worker and a traditional automated bot? ›

Also referred to as a virtual or digital employee, a digital worker uses artificial intelligence and machine learning to perform one or more routine and repetitive business processes — not just a single task as a bot does, but an entire process.

What are some examples of chatbots? ›

Here are three of the best customer service chatbot examples we've come across in 2022.
  • Slush's customer service automation. ...
  • Bestseller's need for customer service in bulk. ...
  • HLC's UX-centered site upgrades. ...
  • Lemonade's friendly guide through the sales funnel. ...
  • The Dufresne Group's innovative online sales tactic.
15 Sept 2022

Is Siri considered a chatbot? ›

Yes! Technologies like Siri, Alexa and Google Assistant that are ubiquitous in every household today are excellent examples of conversational AI. These conversational AI bots are more advanced than regular chatbots that are programmed with answers to certain questions.

Is Google Assistant A chatbot? ›

Google Assistant is a virtual assistant that can engage in two-way conversations. Initially it appeared only on the Google Home smart speaker but is now available on Android devices as well an iOS application. To create a bot on Google Assistant one has to use the 'Actions by Google' developer platform.

What is the best conversational AI? ›

List of Most Popular AI Chatbots
  • Bold360.
  • Meya AI.
  • Aivo.
  • ManyChat.
  • ItsAlive.
  • FlowXO.
  • Chatfuel.
  • HubSpot Live Chat.
4 days ago

What problems does conversational AI solve? ›

What problems do chatbots solve and what are they used for?
  • Eliminates the added costs to meet global customer demands. ...
  • Automates repeat customer support enquiries. ...
  • Ends sales activity only taking place during working hours. ...
  • Reduces abandoned carts. ...
  • Gives customers an accessible channel to find answers to their questions.
16 Feb 2022

What is an example of conversational AI Brainly? ›

Conversational AI is a set of technologies, enabling software to understand and to naturally enter in conversations with people, using either spoken or written language. S.i.r.i and g.o.o.g.l.e the trusted friends of many — are two prime examples of voice conversational AI in action.

Can chatbot work without AI? ›

The foundation of chatbots built with this technology is working off cognitive and semantic technology. When you look at these two different forms of development for virtual agents it is much easier to accept that AI makes all the difference in the world and that chatbots do indeed need AI.

Is bot a AI technology? ›

Fortunately, next-gen technology can fill in the gaps to better meet customer demands. And the Conversational Bot is an excellent first step on your path to digital transformation. Powered by Artificial Intelligence (AI), these bots enrich their own databases and continually learn how to get better at the task at hand.

How do chatbots use artificial intelligence? ›

Artificial intelligence chatbots employ AI and natural language processing (NLP) technology to recognize sentence structure, interpret the knowledge, and improve their ability to answer questions. Instead of relying on a pre-programmed response, AI chatbots first determine what the customer or user is saying.

Are there any real AI chatbots? ›

Imperson is an intuitive platform for AI chatbot development that enables businesses to create customized AI chatbots. It enables text and voice responses on all significant platforms. Its technology enables the development of chatbots that provide users with natural and fluid conversational experiences.


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