What is ADHD: Meaning, Meds, Symptoms in adults and children (2023)

What is ADHD? Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a syndrome that includes inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. The three main types of ADHD are inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, and a combination of the two. Diagnosis is based on clinical criteria. Treatment usually includes psychotropic drug therapy, behavioral therapy, and educational interventions.

What is ADHD: Meaning, Meds, Symptoms in adults and children (1)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a syndrome that includes inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. The three main types of ADHD are inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, and a combination of the two. Diagnosis is based on clinical criteria. Treatment usually includes psychotropic drug therapy, behavioral therapy, and educational interventions.

ADHD is considered a neurodevelopmental disorder. Neurodevelopmental disorders are neurological conditions that appear early in childhood, typically before schooling, and impair the development of personal, social, academic, and/or skills. job. They often involve difficulties acquiring, maintaining, or applying specific skills or information. Neurodevelopmental disorders may include disorders of attention, memory, cognition, language, problem solving, or social interactions. Other common neurodevelopmental disorders include: autism, learning disorders (eg, dyslexia), and mental retardation.

Although some experts have previously suggested that ADHD is a conduct disorder, this may be due to common, coordinated behavioral disorders such as oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder.

ADHD affects about 5 – 11% of school-age children. However, many experts believe that ADHD is often misdiagnosed, in large part because the criteria are incorrectly applied. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), there are 3 types:

– Reduced attention

– Hyperactivity/ impulsiveness

– Combination of the above 2 forms

In general, the prevalence of ADHD in boys is about two times higher than in girls, which varies by type. Hyperactivity/impulsivity is mainly 2-9 times more common in boys than in girls; Attention deficits occur at equal rates in both sexes. ADHD runs in families.

ADHD has no specific cause. Potential causes include genetic, biochemical, neuro-sensory, physiological, and behavioral factors. Some risk factors include: birth weight < 1500 g, head trauma, iron deficiency, having episodes of sleep apnea, exposure to lead as well as alcohol, tobacco and cocaine before birth. Less than 5% of children with ADHD have evidence of neurological damage. There is increasing evidence of abnormalities in the dopaminergic and noradrenergic systems with decreased activity or excitability in the upper brainstem and anterior midbrain regions.

What is ADHD?

Mục lục

  • ADHD symptoms in adults
  • Symptoms and signs ADHD
  • Diagnose ADHD
    • DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for ADHD
      • Symptoms of Attention Deficit
      • Symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity
      • Other diagnoses
    • Prognosis ADHD
  • ADHD medications for adults
    • Psychotropic drugs ADHD
    • Non-psychotropic drug group
    • Behavior management
  • In short, What’s ADHD

ADHD symptoms in adults

Although ADHD is considered a childhood disorder and always begins in childhood, it persists into adulthood in about half of cases. Although the diagnosis may sometimes not be recognized until adolescence, some manifestations are present before the age of 12 years.

In adults, symptoms include:

– Difficulty concentrating.

– Difficulty completing work.

– Easy to change mood.

(Video) ADHD Symptoms and Signs Test In Adults or Children (Medical Info)

– Impatient.

– Difficulty maintaining relationships.

What is ADHD: Meaning, Meds, Symptoms in adults and children (2)

Symptoms and signs ADHD

Onset usually occurs before age 4 and does not change before age 12. The oldest age for diagnosis is from 8 to 10 years old; however, children with the form of inattention may not be diagnosed until after adolescence.

Key symptoms and signs of ADHD include:

– Reduced concentration.

– Hasty, impulsive.

– Hyperactivity.

– Attention deficits tend to appear when children engage in tasks that require attention, quick reaction times, systematic and continuous observation and recognition and listening.

– Impulsivity refers to hasty actions that have the potential to lead to negative outcomes (eg, in children, running across the street unobserved; in adolescents and adults, suddenly dropping out of school) or quit without thinking about the consequences).

Hyperactivity includes excessive motor activities. Children, especially very young ones, may have trouble sitting still (at school or church, for example). Older patients may simply be restless, restless, or talkative – sometimes to the point of tiring those around them.

Attention deficit and impulsivity impede the development of learning ability, thinking and reasoning, school development and social demands. Children with inattentive-type ADHD tend to be hands-on learners, so they often have difficulty in passive learning that requires constant practice and completion of assignments.

What is ADHD: Meaning, Meds, Symptoms in adults and children (3)

Overall, about 20-60% of children with ADHD have reduced learning abilities. In most children with ADHD some skills are lost in school because of impaired concentration (forgetting details) and impulsiveness (answering without thinking).

The child may have a history of behavioral problems such as poor tolerance, frequent opposition, anger, aggression, poor social skills and peer relationships, sleep disturbances, anxiety. , irritability, depression, and mood swings.

Although there are no specific tests or test results associated with ADHD, signs may include:

– Loss or disturbance of motor coordination.

– Non-inhibitory, “soft” neurological outcomes?

– Loss of sensory and motor function.

Diagnose ADHD

Clinical criteria based on DSM-5:

DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for ADHD

Diagnostic criteria for DSM-5 include 9 symptoms and signs of inattention and 9 of hyperactivity and impulsivity. Diagnosed with 6 symptoms and signs from at least one group:

(Video) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD/ADD) - causes, symptoms & pathology

– Persistence 6 months.

– Symptoms and signs appear obvious but not appropriate for the child’s age.

– Occurs in at least 2 circumstances (e.g. home and school).

– Present before age 12 (at least some symptoms).

– Interferes with activities at home, school, or work.

Symptoms of Attention Deficit

– Reduced attention to details or made mistakes in learning and performance.

– Difficulty maintaining attention during school assignments or during play.

– Seems to not pay attention when speaking directly.

– Failure to follow instructions or complete assignments.

– Difficulty organizing activities and doing homework.

– Avoiding, disliking, or refusing to engage in tasks that require sustained effort over an extended period of time.

– Often loses things needed for class assignments and school activities.

– Easily distracted.

– Forgetting about daily activities.

What is ADHD: Meaning, Meds, Symptoms in adults and children (4)

Symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity

– Frequent restlessness, confusion

– Often give up positions in classrooms or other places

– Frequently running or climbing excessively when operating in places where it is not allowed

– Difficulty playing quietly

– Regularly moving, active

– Often talks a lot

(Video) ADHD in Adulthood: The Signs You Need to Know

– Often blurts out answers without waiting for the end of the question

– Difficulty waiting for your turn

– Frequently interrupting or interrupting others

– Diagnosis of inattention requires ≥ 6 signs and symptoms. Diagnosis of hyperactive/impulsive type requires ≥ 6 signs and symptoms. Diagnosis of the mixed type requires ≥ 6 symptoms and signs of each of the above.

Other diagnoses

There is difficulty in differentiating ADHD from other disorders. It is important to avoid overusing the diagnosis of ADHD and other disorders that require an accurate diagnosis. Many of the ADHD signs that occur before school age can indicate communication problems that can occur in neurodevelopmental disorders (eg, autism) or in some learning disorders, anxiety, depression, or behavioral disturbance (eg, conduct disorder).

Clinicians should consider whether children are distracted by external factors (eg, environmental inputs) or by internal factors (eg, child anxiety, thoughts). However, after infancy the manifestations of ADHD in children become more obvious; Children with the hyperactive/impulsive, impulsive, or mixed type are often constantly moving (eg, involuntary movements, hands not resting), talkative, impulsive, and seem to lack awareness of environment. Children with the inattentive form may not show any physical signs.

Evaluation focuses on identifying potentially treatable patterns that may contribute to or worsen symptoms and signs. Evaluation includes a history of prenatal exposures (eg, drugs, alcohol, tobacco), perinatal complications or infections, CNS infections, traumatic brain injury, heart disease, apnea sleep, poor appetite and/or dieting, and a family history of ADHD.

Developmental assessment focuses on identifying the onset and course of symptoms and signs. This assessment includes testing for developmental milestones, especially language milestones, and uses ADHD-specific assessment scales (eg, Vanderbilt scale, Conners comprehensive behavioral assessment scale, scale score. assessment of ADHD IV).

Educational assessments focused on recording underlying symptoms and signs; it may involve reviewing educational records and using assessment scales or checklists. However, rating scales and checklists often cannot distinguish ADHD from other developmental or behavioral disorders.

Prognosis ADHD

Traditional classes and routine activities often worsen symptoms and signs in children with untreated or inadequately treated ADHD. Social and emotional adjustment problems can be lingering. Disapproval from peers and loneliness tend to increase with age and become more pronounced. Substance abuse can occur without adequate diagnosis and treatment of ADHD because many adolescents and adults with ADHD self-administer legal (eg, caffeine) and illegal (eg, cocaine) substances. .

Although hyperactivity and signs tend to decrease with age, it may be more difficult for adolescents and adults to manifest. Possible consequences in adolescents and adults include:

– Reduced intelligence.

– Rampage.

– Personal and social issues.

– Mental disorders during pregnancy.

Problems in adolescence and adulthood manifest primarily as academic failures, low self-esteem, and difficulty learning appropriate social behaviors. Adolescents and adults with the impulsive, predominantly impulsive form of ADHD may have increased rates of personality disorders and antisocial behavior; many people continue to exhibit impulsiveness, restlessness, and poor social skills. People with ADHD seem to adjust better to working, especially if they can find work that doesn’t require as much attention to do it.

ADHD medications for adults

What is ADHD: Meaning, Meds, Symptoms in adults and children (5)

– Behavioral therapy

– Drug therapy, usually with psychotropic agents such as methylphenidate or dextroamphetamine (short and long acting)

Incidentally, case-control studies have shown that behavioral therapy alone is less effective when combined with medication for school-age children, but behavioral or combination therapy is often used. for younger children. Although correction for differences in the neuropathology of ADHD patients did not occur with drug treatment, the drugs were effective in alleviating ADHD symptoms and allowing patients to participate in activities. previously inaccessible due to inattention and impulsiveness. Medication often disrupts maladaptive behavior, enhancing behavior, learning, growth, and self-esteem.

Treatment of adults follows the same principles, but drug selection and dosage are determined on an individual basis, depending on different medical conditions.

(Video) What is ADHD?

Psychotropic drugs ADHD

Preparations consisting of salts of methylphenidate or amphetamine are widely used. Responses vary widely, and dosage depends on the severity of the behavior and the child’s tolerance to the medication. The dose is adjusted according to frequency and quantity until the patient responds optimally.

Methylphenidate is usually started at a dose of 0.3 mg/kg/day (immediate release) and increased in frequency weekly, usually approximately 3 times daily or every 4 hours. If there is no response but the drug is tolerated, the dose may be increased. Most children have an optimal balance of benefits and harms at individual doses between 0.3 – 0.6 mg/kg. The dextro isomers of methylphenidate are the active molecules and are available as half a prescription dose.

Dextroamphetamine is usually started (usually in combination with amphetamines) at 0.15 – 0.2 mg/kg once a day, which can then be increased to 2 or 3 times daily or every 4 hours. Specific doses between 0.15 and 0.4 mg/kg are usually effective. Adjust the dose to balance the benefits and harms of the drug. Overall, the dextroamphetamine dose is about two-thirds the dose of methylphenidate.

For methylphenidate or dextroamphetamine, when the optimal dose has been reached, an equivalent dose of the same drug in the extended-release form is often substituted to avoid the need for multiple dosing at school. Long-acting preparations include tablets, biphasic capsules containing 2 doses, delayed-release tablets, and skin patches that work for up to 12 hours. There are currently two forms of short-acting and long-acting formulations available. Pure dextro preparations (eg, dextromethylphenidate) are often used to reduce side effects such as anxiety; The usual dose is half of the mixed preparations. Experimental drug preparations are also sometimes used because of their faster release, longer duration of action, fewer side effects, and lower potential for abuse. Learning is often enhanced by low doses, but improved behavior often requires higher doses.

Dosage variations can be tailored to specific times and days (eg, during school hours, while doing homework). It is possible to stop taking it on weekends, on holidays, or during summer vacation. A placebo period (from 5 to 10 school days to ensure reliability of observations) is recommended to determine whether medication is needed.

ADHD Medication

Common side effects of psychotropic drugs include:

– Sleep disturbance (eg, insomnia).

– Depression.

– Headache.

– Stomach pain.

– Decreased appetite.

– Increase heart rate and blood pressure.

Some studies have shown slow growth over 2 years of psychotropic use, but results are inconsistent, and long-term growth retardation with drug use remains unclear. Some drug-sensitive patients develop excessive concentration or slow comprehension; In these cases, the dose should be reduced or other drugs used.

Non-psychotropic drug group

Atomoxetine, a selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor, is also used. The drug is effective, but its effectiveness is often confused with psychotropic drugs. Many children have nausea, decreased anxiety, irritability, and temper tantrums; rarely, liver damage and suicidal ideation. The typical starting dose is 0.5 mg/kg/time/day, increased weekly to 1.2-1.4 mg/kg/time/day. The drug has a long half-life, so it is used once a day, but it must be taken continuously to be effective. The maximum recommended dose is 100 mg/day.

Antidepressants such as bupropion, alpha-2 agonists such as clonidine and guanfacine, and other psychostimulants are sometimes used when psychotropic drugs are ineffective or have serious side effects. but they are less effective and are not recommended as first-line drugs. Sometimes these drugs are used in combination with psychotropic drugs for a synergistic effect; Close monitoring of drug side effects is required.

Behavior management

– Counseling, including cognitive behavioral treatment (eg, goal setting, self-monitoring, modeling, role play) is often effective and helps children understand ADHD. Self-organization and habit formation are essential.

– Classroom behavior is often improved by controlling noise and visual stimulation, and teachers need to deliver assignments of appropriate length, variation, and closeness to the child.

– When staying at home is still difficult, parents should seek professional support and receive training in behavior management skills. In order for behavior management to be strengthened and effective, children need to be encouraged and rewarded.

– Children with the predominant form of ADHD often need help from their families.

(Video) Recognizing ADHD in Adults | Heather Brannon | TEDxHeritageGreen

– Diet, use of drugs rich in vitamins, antioxidants or other compounds, and nutritional and biochemical interventions have had certain effects. In some cases, biofeedback is beneficial but it is not recommended for daily use because of the lack of clear evidence.

In short, What’s ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a syndrome that includes inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. The three main types of ADHD are inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, and a combination of the two. Diagnosis is based on clinical criteria. Treatment usually includes psychotropic drug therapy, behavioral therapy, and educational interventions.

FAQs

What is ADHD in children and adults? ›

ADHD is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders of childhood. It is usually first diagnosed in childhood and often lasts into adulthood. Children with ADHD may have trouble paying attention, controlling impulsive behaviors (may act without thinking about what the result will be), or be overly active.

What are 3 symptoms of ADHD in children? ›

The 3 categories of symptoms of ADHD include the following:
  • Inattention: Short attention span for age (difficulty sustaining attention) Difficulty listening to others. ...
  • Impulsivity: Often interrupts others. ...
  • Hyperactivity: Seems to be in constant motion; runs or climbs, at times with no apparent goal except motion.

What does ADHD medication help with adults? ›

However, medication improves attention and reduces impulsivity in adults who have been correctly diagnosed with ADHD. Adults with ADHD may also frequently have other conditions such as depression or anxiety that may require additional treatment.

What are the 3 main symptoms of ADHD in adults? ›

In adults, the main features of ADHD may include difficulty paying attention, impulsiveness and restlessness. Symptoms can range from mild to severe. Many adults with ADHD aren't aware they have it — they just know that everyday tasks can be a challenge.

What are the 12 symptoms of ADHD? ›

12 Signs of ADHD
  • Inability to Focus. There are three broad types of ADHD, one of which is called Inattentive ADHD. ...
  • Impatience. ...
  • Self-Focused Behavior. ...
  • Emotional Outbursts. ...
  • Difficulty Remaining Still. ...
  • Problems Playing Quietly. ...
  • Unfinished Tasks. ...
  • Interruptions.
2 Apr 2018

How serious is ADHD in adults? ›

Although ADHD is well known as a condition that affects children, many adults also experience it. ADHD can be harmful to an individual's social relationships and work and school performance, but effective treatments are available to manage the symptoms of ADHD.

What triggers ADHD in adults? ›

Common ADHD triggers include: stress. poor sleep. certain foods and additives.

What does ADHD do to the brain? ›

ADHD affects brain functioning in several ways. The condition has links to abnormal cognitive, behavioral, and motivational functioning. ADHD can affect the regulation of moods, emotions, and brain cell connections. It can also affect communication between different areas of the brain.

How do children behave with ADHD? ›

How ADHD Affects Kids. ADHD causes kids to be more inattentive, hyperactive, and impulsive than is normal for their age. ADHD makes it harder for kids to develop the skills that control attention, behavior, emotions, and activity. As a result, they often act in ways that are hard for parents manage.

What treatment is best for ADHD? ›

Treatment recommendations for ADHD

For children 6 years of age and older, the recommendations include medication and behavior therapy together — parent training in behavior management for children up to age 12 and other types of behavior therapy and training for adolescents.

What a child with ADHD looks like? ›

Kids who are hyperactive are fidgety, restless, and easily bored. They may have trouble sitting still, or staying quiet when needed. They may rush through things and make careless mistakes. They may climb, jump, or roughhouse when they shouldn't.

How do ADHD meds make you feel? ›

Like any medication, ADHD medicines can have side effects. Not everyone gets side effects, though. The most common side effects are loss of appetite and trouble sleeping. Other ADHD medicine side effects include jitteriness, irritability, moodiness, headaches, stomachaches, fast heart rate, and high blood pressure.

How do I know if I need ADHD medication? ›

If there is functional impairment in two or more roles, then treatment with medication” is absolutely what is needed, Dr. Surman says. That means anyone who has some combination of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattentiveness would do well on some kind of prescription ADHD medication.

Do ADHD meds help with anxiety? ›

Certain attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications can help treat a person's co-occurring anxiety, while others may worsen it. ADHD and anxiety disorders are different conditions with distinct symptoms and presentations. The two conditions may exist together.

How do you know if someone is ADHD? ›

rush through homework or other tasks or make careless mistakes. interrupt a lot, and talk or call out answers in class. do things they shouldn't, even though they know better. get upset easily.

What does ADHD look like at home? ›

In children or toddlers with ADHD, this can lead to symptoms at home, in day care, or at school, such as: trouble focusing on activities and becoming easily distracted. low attention span while playing or doing schoolwork. fidgeting, squirming, or otherwise having trouble sitting still.

What happens when ADHD goes untreated in adults? ›

If a person with ADHD does not receive help, they may have difficulty staying focused and maintaining relationships with other people. They may also experience frustration, low self-esteem, and certain other mental health conditions.

What do ADHD people see? ›

Individuals with ADHD often see themselves as misunderstood, unappreciated, and attacked for no reason. Alienation is a common theme. Many think that only another person with ADHD could possibly “get” them.

Does ADHD make you tired? ›

Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms associated with ADHD — and one of the least talked about.

Does ADHD worsen with age? ›

ADHD does not get worse with age if a person receives treatment for their symptoms after receiving a diagnosis. If a doctor diagnoses a person as an adult, their symptoms will begin to improve when they start their treatment plan, which could involve a combination of medication and therapy.

Can you live long with ADHD? ›

Childhood ADHD persisting to young adulthood may typically shorten life expectancy by nearly 20 years and by 12 years in nonpersistent cases compared with concurrently followed control children.

How do they test adults for ADHD? ›

The World Health Organization has prepared a self-screening questionnaire* you can use to determine if you might have adult ADHD. The Adult Self-Report Scale (ASRS) Screener* will help you recognize the signs and symptoms of adult ADHD. The ASRS is comprised of 6 questions that are ranked on a scale of 0 to 4.

What is it like living with ADHD? ›

People with ADHD will have at least two or three of the following challenges: difficulty staying on task, paying attention, daydreaming or tuning out, organizational issues, and hyper-focus, which causes us to lose track of time. ADHD-ers are often highly sensitive and empathic.

What things make ADHD worse? ›

11 Things That Make Adult ADHD Worse
  • Lack of Exercise. 1/11. If your memory is hazy, your ADHD may be to blame. ...
  • Eating Out Often. 2/11. ...
  • Too Much Junk Food. 3/11. ...
  • Skipping Breakfast. 4/11. ...
  • Messy Homes and Offices. 5/11. ...
  • Too Much Stuff. 6/11. ...
  • The Wrong Meds. 7/11. ...
  • Lack of Sleep. 8/11.
18 Nov 2021

What foods cause ADHD? ›

Some of the common foods that can cause ADHD reactions include milk, chocolate, soy, wheat, eggs, beans, corn, tomatoes, grapes, and oranges. If you suspect a food sensitivity may be contributing to your child's ADHD symptoms, talk to your ADHD dietitian or doctor about trying an elimination diet.

Can ADHD affect memory? ›

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been associated with large magnitude impairments in working memory, whereas short-term memory deficits, when detected, tend to be less pronounced.

What parts of the body does ADHD affect? ›

ADHD develops when the brain and central nervous system suffer impairments related to the growth and development of the brain's executive functions — such as attention, working memory, planning, organizing, forethought, and impulse control.

Is ADHD a serious mental illness? ›

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a severe mental illness, associated with major impairment and a high comorbidity rate. Particularly undiagnosed ADHD in adulthood has serious consequences.

What part of the brain is damaged in ADHD? ›

At the brain circuitry level, the superior longitudinal fasciculus (SLF) and cortico-limbic areas are dysfunctional in individuals with ADHD.

Are kids with ADHD angry? ›

Emotional regulation can be challenging for children with ADHD, and bouts of anger are common. In fact, it's estimated that anywhere between 40–65 percent of children diagnosed with ADHD also have a condition called Oppositional Defiant Disorder, or ODD, which includes anger as one of its symptoms.

How do you make an ADHD child happy? ›

7 Ways to Calm Your Child with ADHD
  1. Follow instructions. ...
  2. Be consistent with your parenting. ...
  3. Break up homework with activities. ...
  4. Form the behavior. ...
  5. Allow them to fidget. ...
  6. Let your child play before taking on big tasks. ...
  7. Help them practice relaxation.
26 Mar 2018

Do kids with ADHD have feelings? ›

Kids with ADHD have the same feelings as people without the condition. Joy, anger, fear, sadness -- the list goes on. Their emotions are just stronger, happen more often, and last longer. They also tend to impact everyday life.

Can ADHD be treated without drugs? ›

For those people who do not want to take the medication route behavioral therapy, nutrition and lifestyle changes, and/or brain training, among other natural therapies designed to improve focus and impulsivity may help alleviate some ADHD symptoms.

What are 3 ways to treat ADHD? ›

Standard treatments for ADHD in children include medications, behavior therapy, counseling and education services. These treatments can relieve many of the symptoms of ADHD , but they don't cure it. It may take some time to determine what works best for your child.

What is the new drug for ADHD? ›

Discover Qelbree. The first non-stimulant approved for ADHD in over a decade.

Can a child with ADHD lead a normal life? ›

Effective treatment is available. If your child has ADHD, your pediatrician can offer a long-term treatment plan to help your child lead a happy and healthy life.

Are you born with ADHD? ›

ADHD tends to run in families and, in most cases, it's thought the genes you inherit from your parents are a significant factor in developing the condition. Research shows that parents and siblings of someone with ADHD are more likely to have ADHD themselves.

How do you talk to a child with ADHD? ›

These 8 tips can help:
  1. DO make sure your child feels loved and accepted. ...
  2. DO pick the discussion time wisely. ...
  3. DO let your child know he's not alone. ...
  4. DON'T expect instant interest. ...
  5. DO learn more about ADHD. ...
  6. DON'T focus on the negative. ...
  7. DON'T let your kid use his ADHD as an excuse. ...
  8. DO maintain open communication.
12 Mar 2021

How long do ADHD meds last? ›

On the amphetamine side, Adderall, Evekeo, Zenzedi and Dexedrine are all short-acting forms of amphetamines, that take effect about 30-45 minutes after taking them and they are effective for 3-4 hours.

What do ADHD meds do to your personality? ›

As long as the dosage is correct, the medication should not affect your personality or sense of humor. What it will do is curb your hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. An excessively high dose could temporarily “flatten” your personality, causing you to seem unusually quiet or withdrawn.

Is ADHD medication harmful? ›

Keep in mind, ADHD drugs are generally safe. The chance of serious problems is low. For lots of people, the benefits of treatment outweigh the risks.

Do ADHD meds help with memory? ›

Meds and memory

ADHD meds don't specifically help memory in the same way that they immediately impact focus. In fact, working memory is tough to improve—the best strategies are actually behavioral—putting a strict reminder system in place and a good calendar.

What drug calms ADHD? ›

There are 5 types of medicine licensed for the treatment of ADHD:
  • methylphenidate.
  • lisdexamfetamine.
  • dexamfetamine.
  • atomoxetine.
  • guanfacine.

Can ADHD cause anger issues? ›

Problems with emotional dysregulation, in particular with anger reactivity, are very common in people with ADHD. You are not alone in struggling in this area. Anger may indicate an associated mood problem but often is just part of the ADHD. Either way, changes in traditional ADHD treatment can be very helpful.

Do ADHD meds help with depression? ›

Can ADHD stimulant medications like Adderall help with symptoms of depression and anxiety? It depends. Stimulant medications aren't used on their own for treating depression. But they are sometimes used as an add-on treatment for depression to boost an antidepressant that's not working well.

› articles › PMC2518387 ›

Special attention is given to the pharmacological treatment for patients with adult ADHD and various comorbidities. In summary, stimulant medications are most e...

How Is ADHD Treated?

https://www.everydayhealth.com › adhd › guide › treatment
https://www.everydayhealth.com › adhd › guide › treatment
There's no cure for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but proper treatment can help control many symptoms of the disorder.
Approximately 10 million adults have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Although there is a significant amount of research on medication treatment...

What is ADHD explained to a child? ›

ADHD is a medical condition that affects their attention and self-control. Because of ADHD, they have a harder time staying focused. ADHD can also make kids more fidgety than other kids their age. Kids with ADHD might have a tough time controlling their behavior and get into trouble more.

What ADHD means in children? ›

Overview. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic condition that affects millions of children and often continues into adulthood. ADHD includes a combination of persistent problems, such as difficulty sustaining attention, hyperactivity and impulsive behavior.

What are the signs of ADHD in a child? ›

What Are the Signs of ADHD?
  • Inattentive. Kids who are inattentive (easily distracted) have trouble focusing their attention, concentrating, and staying on task. ...
  • Hyperactive. Kids who are hyperactive are fidgety, restless, and easily bored. ...
  • Impulsive. Kids who are impulsive act too quickly before thinking.

What is the behavior of a child with ADHD? ›

ADHD causes kids to be more inattentive, hyperactive, and impulsive than is normal for their age. ADHD makes it harder for kids to develop the skills that control attention, behavior, emotions, and activity. As a result, they often act in ways that are hard for parents manage.

How ADHD affects the brain? ›

ADHD affects brain functioning in several ways. The condition has links to abnormal cognitive, behavioral, and motivational functioning. ADHD can affect the regulation of moods, emotions, and brain cell connections. It can also affect communication between different areas of the brain.

Can you live a normal life with ADHD? ›

While living with ADHD can be challenging, treatment and lifestyle changes can help manage difficult symptoms for overall well-being.

What does ADHD behavior mean? ›

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a condition that affects people's behaviour. People with ADHD can seem restless, may have trouble concentrating and may act on impulse.

Is ADHD a serious mental illness? ›

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a severe mental illness, associated with major impairment and a high comorbidity rate. Particularly undiagnosed ADHD in adulthood has serious consequences.

What treatment is best for ADHD? ›

Treatment recommendations for ADHD

For children 6 years of age and older, the recommendations include medication and behavior therapy together — parent training in behavior management for children up to age 12 and other types of behavior therapy and training for adolescents.

Is ADHD considered a mental illness? ›

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common mental disorders affecting children.

How do they test for ADHD? ›

There is no single test used to diagnose ADHD. Experts diagnose ADHD when symptoms impact a person's ability to function and they've shown some or all of the symptoms on a regular basis for more than 6 months and in more than one setting.

What triggers children with ADHD? ›

Common ADHD triggers include: stress. poor sleep. certain foods and additives.

How do you treat a child with ADHD? ›

Standard treatments for ADHD in children include medications, behavior therapy, counseling and education services. These treatments can relieve many of the symptoms of ADHD , but they don't cure it.
...
ADHD behavior therapy
  1. Behavior therapy. ...
  2. Social skills training. ...
  3. Parenting skills training. ...
  4. Psychotherapy. ...
  5. Family therapy.
25 Jun 2019

Are kids with ADHD angry? ›

Emotional regulation can be challenging for children with ADHD, and bouts of anger are common. In fact, it's estimated that anywhere between 40–65 percent of children diagnosed with ADHD also have a condition called Oppositional Defiant Disorder, or ODD, which includes anger as one of its symptoms.

What can ADHD be caused by? ›

Causes of ADHD: What We Know Today
  • Brain anatomy and function. ...
  • Genes and heredity. ...
  • Significant head injuries may cause ADHD in some cases.
  • Prematurity increases the risk of developing ADHD.
  • Prenatal exposures, such as alcohol or nicotine from smoking, increase the risk of developing ADHD.
27 Sept 2019

What do children with ADHD enjoy? ›

Kids with the hyperactive part of ADHD are going to be drawn to team sports, but the child's impulsivity and lack of focus don't lend themselves to success. Individual sports such as martial arts, wrestling, tennis, and swimming are better choices.

› adhd-in-children ›

Diagnosing ADHD, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, is intrinsically problematic. The symptoms—distractibility, impulsivity, and hyperactivity—are con...
Kids with these symptoms of inattentive or hyperactive/impulsive ADHD may warrant a diagnosis and treatment like medication, behavior therapy, and more.
Symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can vary and be difficult to recognize. Here are some signs to look for in children and adults.

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